DENBIGH, N.D. — Shawn Kramer trekked to a Washington, D.C., rally to voice his opposition to the presidential election results, but the violence and destruction on Jan. 6, in the U.S. Capitol was as much of a shock to him as anyone.

A Donald Trump flag on Jan. 14, 2020, is whipped by wind in front of the Paul and Donna Henderson farmstead near Calvin, N.D., about 15 miles south of the Canadian border. The couple attended the Washington, D.C., rally/protest that turned violent, but declined to talk about it.
 Photo taken Jan. 14, 2021, at Calvin, N.D. Mikkel Pates / Agweek
A Donald Trump flag on Jan. 14, 2020, is whipped by wind in front of the Paul and Donna Henderson farmstead near Calvin, N.D., about 15 miles south of the Canadian border. The couple attended the Washington, D.C., rally/protest that turned violent, but declined to talk about it. Photo taken Jan. 14, 2021, at Calvin, N.D. Mikkel Pates / Agweek

Kramer sees what he attended as a peaceful protest that was a “separate thing,” from the violent, destructive breach of the Capitol. A week later, he says he doesn’t know enough about who did it. He thinks they’re either a fringe element or possibly someone even “the left.”

“I didn’t do anything wrong,” he said. “I went to a speech. I listened to our president. I walked from the Washington Monument to the Capitol building. I stood there for about 20 minutes. And then I went home. I did not wreck anything, I didn’t beat anybody up. I didn’t break anything. I didn’t break any windows.”

“Of course, there have been moments that I’m going to have a black Suburban in my front yard and I’m going to be hauled in and interrogated because I’m an ‘insurrectionist.’ But I'm not an insurrectionist. I’m a peaceful protestor who thought what happened in our election was wrong and that someone should investigate it.”

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Despite evidence of a fair election, many supporters of President Donald Trump have challenged the validity of President-elect Joe Biden's election. Kramer was one of dozens of North Dakotans that made the trip — by planes, bus and van.

Paul and Donna Henderson of Calvin, N.D., who lives on a farmstead about 60 miles north of Devils Lake, N.D., went to Washington, D.C., but declined to be interviewed. Paul, who is chairman of the District 10 Republican Party, declined to say how close he went to the Capitol, or whether he went inside.

Paul Henderson of Calvin, N.D., a Republican chairman, and his wife, Donna, about 56 miles north of Devils Lake, N.D., and 15 miles from Canada, attended the Washington, D.C., rally on Jan. 6, 2021, but decline to talk about it. Photo taken Jan. 14, 2021, at Calvin, N.D. Mikkel Pates / Agweek
Paul Henderson of Calvin, N.D., a Republican chairman, and his wife, Donna, about 56 miles north of Devils Lake, N.D., and 15 miles from Canada, attended the Washington, D.C., rally on Jan. 6, 2021, but decline to talk about it. Photo taken Jan. 14, 2021, at Calvin, N.D. Mikkel Pates / Agweek

Peaceful intent

Shawn Kramer, 56, owner of Sandhills Saddlery, near the village of Denbigh, N.D., said he and family members went to Washington because their  lifestyle of guns, God and independence are marginalized by “the Left” and that Trump’s election loss was not fair. Photo taken Jan. 14, 2021, at Denvigh, N.D. Mikkel Pates / Agweek
Shawn Kramer, 56, owner of Sandhills Saddlery, near the village of Denbigh, N.D., said he and family members went to Washington because their lifestyle of guns, God and independence are marginalized by “the Left” and that Trump’s election loss was not fair. Photo taken Jan. 14, 2021, at Denvigh, N.D. Mikkel Pates / Agweek

Kramer was leery about media interviews, but emphasized “I didn’t do anything wrong.” He owns and operates Sandhill Saddlery near the village of Denbigh just off Highway 2, about 11 miles west of Towner, N.D.

Kramer, his two sons, a nephew and seven others in the Minot area rented a 12-passenger van from Bismarck, N.D., and drove 24 hours straight through. There were three farmers, an electrician, a carpenter, a saddle-maker, heating and air conditioning guy, an oil rig worker and a welder.

Kramer heard about the event on social media — just Facebook. “My oldest son, actually, said, ‘We need to go and represent.’ It was a week before, probably, and he said, ‘We’re going. Are you coming with?’ Yup.”

He acknowledges he doesn’t know who actually put out the call to come to the event. “Perhaps the president, maybe, asked us to show up on the 6th,” he said. He acknowledged he didn’t know why they summoned him, either.

“If I thought we’d been summoned for some kind of violent interaction, I never would have went,” he said. “If I’d have known people would have broken into the (Capitol) and that people would have been killed, I probably wouldn’t have gone. Loss of life is horrible.”

Showing up for Trump

The Kramer group left Monday, Jan. 4, at noon from Bismarck, N.D.

“To be honest, we had no plan,” he said. “We were just going to Washington to show our support for President Trump, to show our disagreement with how the election turned out, and that we thought it was a fraudulent election.”

There was “no sense of trying to stop the process at all,” Kramer said.

“It really wasn’t about counting the Electoral (College) votes,” he said. “There was no one that I talked to or no one in our group that said, ‘Oh, we’re going to stop what’s happening.’ That was a peaceful protest, that ‘We don’t think what’s going on here is right. We have no ability to stop it, but if we can stand here and say to our representatives, we don’t think this is right.'"

”It was not sedition. That feeling was not there at all. It was more of a party atmosphere, to be honest.”

Others from North Dakota went in a tour bus. Some — including former North Dakota State Sen. Tom Campbell, R-Grafton — flew to Washington independently of groups.

Kramer’s small group connected with the, separate, larger bus group from Bismarck. The North Dakotans had extra rooms at a hotel in Chantilly, Va., about a half-hour west of Washington, D.C., so it worked out perfectly.

On Jan. 5, some of the group went into Washington, D.C. There were speakers, but the turnout was “pathetic,” almost sickening. “But when we went over the next morning, it was glorious,” Kramer said, laughing.

Kramer and his group assembled with the others. They listened to speakers, including Trump. Three streets between the Washington Monument and the Capitol were filled with people.

Both he and Campbell say they believe — based on others comparing it to large Washington marches — that there may have been 500,000 to 1 million people. The audience listened to Trump on large screens, as much as a half-mile away.

Stephen Doig, an Arizona State University data journalist and journalism professor, estimated 10,000 to 100,000 people may have attended the rally, noting the absence of aerial photography in a no-fly zone and absence of photos from the Washington Monument. Officials have not estimated the rally size.

A campaign flag for President Donald Trump twists in the wind on a fence at the Paul and Donna Henderson farmstead just outside of Calvin, N.D., about 55 miles north of Devils Lake, N.D., and 15 miles from the Canadian border. The Hendersons attended a rally in Washington, D.C., on Jan. 6, 2021, that ended in death and damage at the U.S. Capitol, but now don’t want to talk about it. Photo taken Jan. 14, 2021, at Calvin,, N.D. Mikkel Pates / Agweek
A campaign flag for President Donald Trump twists in the wind on a fence at the Paul and Donna Henderson farmstead just outside of Calvin, N.D., about 55 miles north of Devils Lake, N.D., and 15 miles from the Canadian border. The Hendersons attended a rally in Washington, D.C., on Jan. 6, 2021, that ended in death and damage at the U.S. Capitol, but now don’t want to talk about it. Photo taken Jan. 14, 2021, at Calvin,, N.D. Mikkel Pates / Agweek

After the speeches

“We’re still listening to Trump, and all of this stuff is going on,” Kramer said. After the speeches near the Washington Monument, Kramer and his group started walking toward the Capitol — a distance of nearly a mile.

As they were walking, Kramer noticed his cellphone wasn’t working. Others did too. Someone nearby still had service and reported a “breach,” but he couldn’t see anything.

“No one had firearms,” he said. “I heard on FOX News that we had ‘pitchforks.’ No one had pitchforks.”

Yes, he saw the scaffold with a hangman’s noose, but said, “If you’ve got a million people, together, you’re going to get some of that. That’s 1% of our group.”

Once near the Capitol, Kramer said he didn’t get close to the steps because there were too many people. Two women from North Carolina with a bullhorn led the group in singing the National Anthem. “We prayed the Lord’s Prayer,” he said. “We sang ‘Amazing Grace’ and ‘God Bless America.’ There was tons of Trump flags.

Kramer said he’s angry that the violence has sullied the good intentions of him and other peaceful protesters. He’s railed against Antifa and Black Lives Matter riots that “took over cities for months.”

He said he was never physically near anyone doing violence. He said he wasn’t even aware of the level of violence in the Capitol while he was at the event.

“When all the violence was taking place inside the building, we were still at the speeches,” he said. “They’ve figured out the timeline. We’re a mile away from the Capitol building. We’re still listening to Trump. We didn’t even know about it.”

He said he really didn’t know the level of mayhem until he got back to his hotel room that night, or when he heard news broadcasts the next day.

While he is suspicious the worst actors were "agents of the left, to make us look bad," the arrest records made public so far have not born that out.

"All I know is we were there to peacefully protest, and support Donald Trump and peacefully protest what had happened in the election. It was never our intention to break into the Capitol building or take over anything,” he said.

Farm economics

Former North Dakota State Sen. Tom Campbell of Grafton, N.D., said he went to Washington, D.C., on a “whim,” and left a rally for President Donald Trump before it turned violent. A farmer and bank board member, Campbell said Trump was not good for farm economics and missed opportunities to bring Americans together.  Photo taken Jan. 14, 2021, at Grafton, N.D. Mikkel Pates / Agweek
Former North Dakota State Sen. Tom Campbell of Grafton, N.D., said he went to Washington, D.C., on a “whim,” and left a rally for President Donald Trump before it turned violent. A farmer and bank board member, Campbell said Trump was not good for farm economics and missed opportunities to bring Americans together. Photo taken Jan. 14, 2021, at Grafton, N.D. Mikkel Pates / Agweek

Prominent farmer Tom Campbell, 61, of Grafton, N.D., went on a whim. He is part of Campbell Farms at Grafton, and Big Lake, Minn., raising potatoes. He is on the board of Choice Financial bank, a prominent agricultural lender, and has real estate interests in the Red River Valley. A former Republican state senator, Campbell also made so far unsuccessful runs for the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives. He hasn’t closed the door for future runs, saying he loves helping the people.

Campbell is a friend of Sen. Kevin Cramer, R-N.D., and Scott Hennen, a Fargo-based broadcaster who is one of the region’s conservative commentators.

Late on Sunday, Jan. 3, Hennen phoned Campbell and urged him to go to Washington. He’d read about a potential rally in Washington and seen it on social media.

“I figured, sure why not,” Campbell said. “I haven’t always been not so much a Trump supporter, but I’ve liked some of the things he has done. The way he addresses it, and delivers it, his ego and stuff, I think he could have cleaned up his act.”

At 7 a.m., Monday, Jan. 4, Campbell was on a flight out of Fargo. In early afternoon, on Jan. 5, Sen. Kevin Cramer, R-N.D., spoke to about 75 North Dakotans.

Campbell, too, estimates 500,000 to 750,000 people at the rally. He didn’t have tickets to the VIP section, so he just roamed around. Most in the crowd were age 45 to 65, he figured. He stood far enough away that he could hardly hear the speakers. He left at 12:30 p.m., walking past the Capitol to catch an Uber driver. He didn’t see anything violent.

“I left before Trump started speaking because I had to catch a 2:30 (p.m.) flight,” at Reagan International Airport, Campbell said. He heard the speech through his phone, “the same speech we’ve heard, dozens and dozens of times.”

Campbell said his impression was a peaceful rally, where people were showing up “just to make sure it was fair.” He said it was like any other rally — pro-life, or a women’s rally. “Listen to speakers, hang out for most of a day.” He didn’t take Trump’s words as “stir a riot, go storm the Capitol.”

Campbell landed in Chicago at about 5:30 p.m., and his phone lit up with news about the event.

“I was the last one to know, and the closest one there,” Campbell said.

Ironically, Campbell isn’t enthusiastic about Trump’s impact on the business of farming.

He said he thinks Trump’s policies that disrupted trade with China and the European Union “in essence kind of hurt farmers” while subsidies “to offset that” were financially somewhat neutral.

“I've always questioned that: gosh, are we the sacrificial lamb in agriculture? It’s jeopardizing some of our exports,” he said. Recent rallies in agricultural commodities are driven by weather and other things, such as shortages.

“Overall, I think it may maybe hurt agriculture in the short-run, but compensations offset that,” he said.

Trump was pulling for the defeat of now former Rep. Collin Peterson, D-Minn., who had chaired the House Agriculture Committee before losing in the November general election to Rep. Michelle Fischbach.

“Losing (the House Ag Committee chair) is not going to be positive for farming,” Campbell said.

Campbell worries the future with the Biden administration means increased regulations and less government safety net support.

“He’s not pro-business as much as Trump was, or some of the other presidents,” Campbell said.

Campbell went to the rally even though he’s seen “no proof” of a significantly flawed election. He said Trump “should have conceded.” He said he thinks the U.S. Supreme Court was a “little political” because they knew if they’d reversed the election results “you would have had a civil war.”

Campbell went even though he said the “true side of a leader should bring people together,” and that Trump did “everything in his power to split them apart.” He describes Trump as “very abrasive,” “unpresidential, and is a kind of bully at heart.”

And yet, he got on a plane to go to the rally.

“It was a whim,” he explained. “And I love Washington, D.C. It doesn’t take much of an excuse to get there.”

Campbell doesn’t think the violent people were the same as the rally. “No, they were violent people and broke laws. The group I was with were as peaceful as could be.”

“The violent people that broke in should be prosecuted to the maximum,” he said, to set a precedent. “A small fraction of 1% both sides will do those kind of things. I hope they’re prosecuted to the maximum extent. There was deaths involved. That was the wrong thing to storm the Capitol.”

Lost in the ‘middle’

Shawn Kramer, owns and operates Sandhills Saddlery, at Denbigh, N.D., west of Towner, N.D.. He and 10 others rented a van and drove to the Jan. 6, 2021 rally for President Donald Trump. He had a different purpose than those who created mayhem in the U.S. Capitol. Photo taken Jan. 14, 2021, at Denvigh, N.D. Mikkel Pates / Agweek
Shawn Kramer, owns and operates Sandhills Saddlery, at Denbigh, N.D., west of Towner, N.D.. He and 10 others rented a van and drove to the Jan. 6, 2021 rally for President Donald Trump. He had a different purpose than those who created mayhem in the U.S. Capitol. Photo taken Jan. 14, 2021, at Denvigh, N.D. Mikkel Pates / Agweek

Kramer, 56, is the owner-operator of Sandhills Saddlery, south of Denbigh, a business he started 27 years ago. The shop is in an old church building on a 5-acre parcel on the ranch he grew up. Two of his younger brothers still ranch there.

Once a professional bareback bronc rodeo rider, Kramer took up the craft during his “down time” while an injured knee was healing. “I would say we’re known for building saddles for working cowboys,” Kramer said. He and one of his sons, Jack, make about 30 saddles a year, as well as chaps and breast collars.

He said he went because he was just kind of "fed up” after four years or more of “being marginalized by the left,” being called a “bitter clinger, who is clinging to my guns, my Bible and whatever.”

"I’m definitely on the side that the election was stolen, that it was fraudulent, that there was voter fraud, that the candidate that they put up was not capable of accumulating the votes he did,” Kramer said. He doesn’t think any of the “real evidence” ever reached the courts.

“I’ve always been a conservative,” he said. “Like, the less government the better. Just let me do my job, leave me alone.” His son Jack identifies as Libertarian. Kramer said he doesn’t think he’s a Republican anymore.

“I don’t think I have any backing from the Republican Party,” he said. ‘That’s one of the main reasons we were in Washington, because we felt that we did not have any support from the people in Washington. We have no confidence in them.”

He thinks agricultural and rural America are not represented in D.C., even by the Republicans now in office.

“We’re flyover country,” he said.

He said he knows nothing about plans to have further uprisings on Jan. 17 or Jan. 20. “No. The jury’s out. I’m going to live my life and build saddles, be good to my family.”

He’s upset about the tech giants like Facebook independently deciding to shut down people’s speech, especially when it is one-sided. He regrets that they use algorithms to group like-thinkers in echo chambers, and increases the dehumanization of the other.

“I know people on the left think they are censoring people to avoid insurrection, but I think they are influencing on the left to support communism and socialism.”

Kramer said he’d never been to Washington, D.C., before.

“I would like to go back and see the Smithsonian Institution, museums or other attractions."