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Region’s farmers gain ground in challenging planting season

Planting and emergence for the region’s crops in North Dakota, South Dakota and Minnesota from the May 23, 2022, weekly report, available from the National Agricultural Statistics Service.

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Corn planting in Minnesota was 60% complete on May 22, compared to the 86% five-year average for the date. Photo taken May 17, 2022, near Breckenridge, Minnesota.
Jeff Beach / Agweek
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FARGO, N.D. — Crop planting progress remains well behind five-year averages across the region.

Minnesota corn and soybean planting was rated 10- to 18-days behind average, according to the National Agricultural Statistics. Rain, though welcome for soil moisture in many areas, is delaying field work through much of the region, as weather systems moving through, preventing progress in some areas, while others gained ground. Cooler-than-normal temperatures are delaying emergence.

The only severe drought in the region is now in northwest Montana, west-central South Dakota, and northeast Nebraska, according to the U.S. Drought Monitor.

Here are state planting and moisture specifics for states in the region:

North Dakota

There were 3.2 days available for fieldwork across the state, with topsoil moisture supplies now rated 62% adequate and 33% surplus. Subsoil is similarly 64% adequate and 24% surplus.

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Soybean planting is 7% completed, only up from 2% last week and compared to the 47% five-year average for the date. After being in drought last year, pasture and range conditions are now rated 2% very poor, 22% poor 36% fair, 31% good and 9% excellent.

Corn was 20% planted, up from 4% last week and the 66% average.

Sugar beets are 23% planted, up from 9% last week and well behind the 96% five-year average for the date. Potatoes are 12% planted, compared to 67% average for this date.

Canola planting is 13% complete, up from 6% last week and behind the 59% average.

Spring wheat planting is 27% complete, up from 17% last week and well behind the 80% average for the date. Durum wheat is 17% planted, behind the 69% average. Emergence is 4%, well behind the 27% average for the date.

Barley is 26% planted, compared to 79% average. Dry edible peas are 27% planted, behind the 77% average. Sunflowers are 3% planted, behind the 21% average for this date. Flaxseed is 9% planted, compared to 53% average.

Winter wheat is rated 65% good to excellent, with 51% jointed, a bit higher than the 48% average for this date.

Minnesota

There were 3.7% days available for farming on the week, on average across the state. Topsoil moisture supplies are now short in only 2% of the state, with 60% rated adequate and 38% surplus. Subsoil moisture is similarly 5% short, 64% adequate and 31% surplus.

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Corn planting is 60% complete, up from 35% last week and compared to the 86% five-year average for this date — about 10 days behind the five-year average. About 24% is emerged, compared to 51% average for the date.

Soybeans are 32% planted, up from 11% the previous week and compared to the 68% average for the date, and about 18 days behind schedule. Only 7% are emerged, compared to 22% for the date.

Sugarbeets were pegged at 27% planted, up from 8% the previous week but less than the 94% average. Potatoes are 57% planted, up from last week’s 36% and compared to the 82% average.

Spring wheat planting is 11% complete, compared to 5% last week and a 90% average. Barley is 23% planted, up from 16% last week and compared to the 89% average.

South Dakota

There were 5 days suitable for field work with topsoil moisture now rated 30% short to very short, 70% adequate to surplus. Subsoil moisture is rated 37% short to very short and 63% adequate to surplus.

Pasture and range conditions are 17% very poor, 28% poor, 41% fair, 13% good and 1% excellent.

Corn planting reached 62% complete, up from 31% last week and behind the 71% average for the date. About 11% were emerged, compared to 33% average for the date.

Soybeans were 34% planted, compared to 15% a week earlier, and 47% average for the date.

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Spring wheat was 94% planted, compared to 78% last week and the 92% average for the date.

Other crop planting included sorghum, 21% compared to 23% average; sunflower, 6%, 11% average.

Winter wheat condition is rated 4% very poor, 20% poor, 46% fair, 29% good and 1% excellent.

Iowa

The state had 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork, with topsoil moisture now rated 76% adequate and 4% surplus, and subsoil rated 69% adequate and 4% surplus.

Corn planting is three days behind the five-year average, with 86% complete statewide, up from 57% last week and less than the 89% average for the date. Progress was greatest in the northwest, with 94% planted, while the north central was 92% and northeast was 77%.

Soybeans are 69% planted, up from 34% the previous week and compared to the 67% five-year average. Progress was greatest in the north central part of the state at 81%, while the northeast was 70% and the northwest was 76%.

Montana

Producers had 5.2 days suitable for farming. Topsoil conditions are 18% very short, 56% short and 26% adequate, with none surplus. That compares to a five-year average in which 79% of the state was rated adequate to surplus for topsoil moisture.

Subsoil is rated 49% very short in the state, with 32% rated short, 19% rated adequate, and none surplus. Subsoil in the past five years at this date averaged 6% very short, 19% short, 69% adequate and 6% surplus.

Planting progress compared to five-year averages: barley, 90% complete, 83% average; canola, 65%, 55% average; corn, 39%, 69% average; dry edible beans, 60%, 64% average; dry edible peas, 93%, 84% average; durum wheat, 65%, 66% average; flaxseed, 50%, 57% average; lentils, 84%, 81% average; mustard, 75%, 82% average; oats, 70%, 68% average; safflower, 50%, 32% average; spring wheat, 85%, 81% average; sugarbeets, 35% planted, average not available.

About 51% of cattle had moved to pasture, down from the 71% average for this date. About 55% were receiving supplemental feed, up from 18% average for this date.

Mikkel Pates is an agricultural journalist, creating print, online and television stories for Agweek magazine and Agweek TV.
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