ADVERTISEMENT

ADVERTISEMENT

Planting numbers jumped last week, but crops in the region are still behind schedule

Farmers in much of the eastern Dakotas and Minnesota bounded ahead in their tardy planting season in the past week, but crop condition and development continues to lag due to a late spring, according to a government report.

A small planter moves across the land under the bluffs west of Mandan, N.D.
Kelly Burghart of Mandan, North Dakota, plants on May 25, 2022, in a year in which an April 12 blizzard and aftermath storms delayed fieldwork. Burghart farms and ranches with his wife, Paula, and daughter, Hallie, and her fiance, Kirk Hohenberger.
Mikkel Pates / Agweek
We are part of The Trust Project.

FARGO, N.D. — Farmers in much of the eastern Dakotas and Minnesota bounded ahead in their tardy planting season in the past week, but crop condition and development continues to lag due to a late spring, according to a government report.

Here are statistics from the June 6, 2022, weekly Crop Progress and Condition report from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service:

North Dakota

There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture is now rated only 5% short, with 67% adequate, 28% surplus, very similar to subsoil moisture. Pasture and range conditions are rated 1% very poor, 6% poor, 30% fair, 51% good and 12% excellent. Alfalfa condition is rated 72% good to excellent.

Soybeans are 41% planted, up from 23% the previous week but compared to 85% for the five-year average. Only 4% are emerged, behind the 46% average.

Corn planting is 81% planted, up from 56% the previous week, and compared to 92% averaged, with 22% emerged, behind the 64% average. Condition is rated 63% good to excellent.

ADVERTISEMENT

Spring wheat planting is 41% complete, compared to the 97% average. Emergence is 34%, behind an 81% average. About 1% is jointed, compared to a 17% average. Durum wheat is 62% planted, compared to 95% average. Emergence is 28%.

Canola is 65% planted, compared to 94% average. About 12% has emerged, behind the 62% average.

Dry edible beans are 29% planted, up from 19% last week and behind the 82% average for the date, with 2% emerged compared to 33% average.

Sugarbeets are 92% planted, up from 60% last week and compared to the 100% average for the date.

Winter wheat is 79% jointed, just ahead of the 78% average, and 8% is heading, compared to 13% average. The crop’s condition is rated 65% good to excellent. Oats are 84% planted, compared to 95% average, with 76% rated good to excellent. Barley is 75% planted, compared to 97% averaged, with 29% emerged compared to 80% average. Condition is rated 65% good to excellent.

Dry edible peas are 77% planted, up from 66% the prior week compared to 95% average, with 28% emerged, compared to 73% average. Condition is pegged at 76% good to excellent.

Sunflowers are 33% planted, compared to 67% average for the date. About 2% were emerged compared 22% average. Flaxseed is 47% planted compared to 89% average with about 12% were emerged compared to 49% average.

Minnesota

There were 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork, with strong storms causing building damage in parts of the state. Topsoil is 2% short, 69% adequate and 29% surplus, similar to subsoil moisture. Alfalfa first-cuttings were 23% complete, compared to 38% average for the date. Pasture conditions are rated 9% poor or very poor, 32% fair, 50% good and 9% excellent.

ADVERTISEMENT

Soybean planting is 72% complete, up from 55% last week and 12 days behind the 90% average. About 39% of the soybeans were emerged, compared to 69% average.

Corn is 93% planted, up from 82% the prior week, and compared to the average of 96%. Corn condition is only 3% poor, with 36% fair, 53% good and 7% excellent.

Sugarbeet planting is 90% complete, up from 65% the previous week and behind the 99% average for the date.

Dry edible beans are 33% planted, up from 20% last week, but behind the 85% average for the date. Only 8% had emerged compared to an average of 52%.

Spring wheat is 65% seeded, up from 53% last week but less than the 98% average. Only 33% is emerged, with 92% average for the date.

South Dakota

There were 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture is ranked 22% short or very short; 61% adequate and 17% surplus. Subsoil is similar. Pasture conditions are rated 10% very poor, 27% poor, 40% fair, 20% good and 3% excellent.

Soybean planting is 77% complete, up from 61% last week, and just less than the 79% average for the date. About 35% of soybeans were emerged, compared to the 56% average.

Corn planting is 93% complete, up from 86% last week and just ahead of the 89% average for the date. About 68% had emerged, compared to 75% average.

ADVERTISEMENT

Spring wheat is 91% emerged, just below the 94% average, with 61% good to excellent condition. Oats are 95% planted, 88% emerged and 47% good to excellent condition. Sorghum is 51% planted, compared to 58% average, with 56% good to excellent condition. Sunflowers are 35% planted, just short of the 39% average for the date.

Iowa

Planting has nearly wrapped up in Iowa, which had 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork due to a few days of light rainfall. Some of that fieldwork included replanting wet fields, cutting hay, and chemical applications where winds allowed.

Topsoil moisture conditions rated 2% very short, 12% short, 78% adequate and 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture conditions rated 3% very short, 17% short, 74% adequate and 6% surplus.

Corn is 98% planted, which is 11 days behind last year but three days ahead of the five-year average. Emergence, at 87%, is only six days behind last year and one day behind average. Corn is rated 86% good to excellent.

Soybeans are 94% planted, five days behind last year but six days ahead of the five-year average. Emergence is at 69%, a week behind last year but a day ahead of average. The soybeans are rated 15% excellent, 67% good, 16% fair and 2% poor, with none rated very poor.

Oats are 96% emerged, almost two weeks behind last year and a week behind the five-year average. The crop is 22% headed and rated 82% good to excellent.

The state's first cutting of alfalfa hay is 42% complete. All hay condition is rated 73% good to excellent. Pasture condition is 64% good to excellent.

Montana

Temperatures were 4 degrees colder than averages, with rain ranging from .5 to 1.5 inches. About 94.7% of the state is experiencing drought, according to the U.S. Drought Monitor.

The state’s winter wheat crop is rated 7% very poor, 19% poor, 51% fair, 23% good and none excellent.

Cattle and calves are 76% moved to pasture, compared to a 91% average for the date. Sheep are 82% on pasture, compared to 90% average.

Corn is 67% planted, up from 53% the previous week and up from 85% average.

Sugarbeets are 70% planted, with no average given; 41% were emerged, compared to an 81% average.

Spring wheat was 97% planted, just ahead of the 96% average, with 85% emerged. Spring wheat condition is rated 3% very poor, 28% poor, 51% fair, 17% good and 1% excellent. Winter wheat is ranked 26% poor or worse, 51% fair, and 23% good.

Dry edible beans (including chickpeas) are 88% planted, up from 75% lat week, compared to 89% average;

Dry edible peas are 84% planted, compared to 65% last week and 75% average for the date. Flaxseed is 67% planted, compared to 60% prior week. Lentils are 95% planted, compared to 94% last week. Mustard is 90% planted, compared to 86% last week. Oats were 93% planted, compared to 84% last week. Safflower is 80% planted, compared to 60% last week and 49% average.

Mikkel Pates is an agricultural journalist, creating print, online and television stories for Agweek magazine and Agweek TV.
What to read next
International Pollinator Week is June 20-26.
This week on AgweekTV, a new technology could come sweeping through ranchers' pastures. A group of farmers "lawyer up" for proper pay for using their land for the Red River Water Supply pipeline. North Dakota potatoes will soon be under the Golden Arches of McDonald's. We'll visit a grain elevator house and check out updates made since we were first there four years ago. And we profile Harvest Hope Farm's camps, which allows kids to see what farm life is like.
Harvest Hope Farm hosts summer camps that allow youth to experience what life is like on the farm. While it is only for a few hours a day, the little ones get to be immersed in not only the great outdoors, but agriculture as well.
When sugarbeet plants are young, besides being damaged by blowing dirt, they are vulnerable to being sheared off by the high winds, a condition referred to as “helicoptering.”