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Farmers planted more soybeans and wheat, less corn this year

The U.S. Agriculture Department pegged soybean acreage this year at 88.3 million, a 1% increase over the 87.1 million acres farmers planted in 2021. All wheat acreage in the United States also increased by 1% over last year to 47 million acres, USDA said. Corn acreage totaled 89.9 million, 4% less than the 93.4 million acres farmers planted in 2021.

A field of ripe soybeans.
Farmers in the United States planted 88.3 million acres of soybeans in 2022, a 1% increase over last year. This photo was taken Sept. 17, 2021, near Northwood, North Dakota
Trevor Peterson / Agweek
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Farmers in the United States decreased their corn acreage this spring, but planted slightly more soybeans and wheat, the U.S. Agriculture Department estimated in its June 30 acreage report.

Corn acreage totaled 89.9 million, 4% less than the 93.4 million acres farmers planted in 2021, USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service said. North Dakota acreage dropped by 1.1 million, a 27% decline, to 3 million, South Dakota acreage declined by 250,000 to 5,9 million and Minnesota acreage fell by 100,000 acres to 8.3 million.

While total U.S acreage was lower than last year, it wasn’t as large as the trade had anticipated, said Randy Martinson, owner of Martinson Ag Risk Management in Fargo, North Dakota.

“For corn, acres were a little higher, and that surprised me, about 60,000 higher than expected,” Martinson said.

While the corn estimate was higher than the trade had expected, soybean acres were about 2 million lower than the trade had anticipated, he said.

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The agency pegged soybean acreage this year at 88.3 million, a 1% increase over the 87.1 million acres farmers planted in 2021. In North Dakota, farmers' acreage declined by 1.4 million to 5.9 million and in MInnesota, by 150,000 to 7.5 million. South Dakota acreage rose by 50,000 to 5.5 million.

All wheat acreage in the United States also increased by 1% over last year to 47 million acres, NASS said.

However, 2022 acreage of some crops, including wheat, soybeans and corn, could further increase because farmers were not finished with planting when farmers were surveyed – between May 29 and June 16 — for the report, NASS said.

READ MORE ON CROPS
Weather will continue to be the market focus, at least until the end of August, as ideal conditions will be needed for the soybean crop to reach its potential, Randy Martinson of Martinson Ag Risk Management told Don Wick of Red River Farm Network on the Agweek Market Wrap.

Nationwide, there were still 4 million acres of corn and 15.8 million acres of soybeans that had not been planted, the NASS June 30 report said.

The agency will collect more data in July that will, besides corn and soybeans, include dry edible beans, canola, barley and sunflowers. Data also will be collected in July in Minnesota and South Dakota.where spring wheat is grown and in North Dakota, where spring wheat and durum are grown, NASS said. If the new data justifies changes, the agency will publish an updated planting report on Aug. 12.

In the June 30th report, while all wheat acreage in the United States slightly increased, farmers in South Dakota reduced their spring wheat acreage this year by 50,000 to 720,000 and in North Dakota, spring wheat acreage declined by 100,000 acres to 5.4 million.

North Dakota durum acreage, meanwhile, increased by 170,000 to 1 million acres and in Montana, by 120,000 over last year to 799,000. Total U.S. durum acreage is 1.98 million, a 341,000 acre increase over 2021, NASS said.

Barley acreage in Montana, North Dakota and South Dakota also increased this year, by 150,000, 110,000 and 19,000, respectively. Minnesota’s barley acreage, meanwhile, fell by 10,000 to 45,000, a record low for the state. Total U.S. barley acreage increased by 386,000 to 3 million.

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Edible bean acreage, as had been expected, fell this year.

Farmers across the United States planted a total of 1.3 million acres of dry, edible beans in 2022, 8% less than last year. Planted acres declined in six of the nine bean states, including North Dakota, where acreage dropped by 80,000 to 580,000 and Minnesota, where acreage fell by 45,000 to 195,000, NASS said.

The demand for sunflowers, which has increased since the war in Ukraine, which is the world’s largest producer of the commodity, encouraged farmers to increase their acreage, Martinson said.

Total “all sunflower” acreage - both oil and non-oil – increased by 29% this year to 1.7 million. That’s the second highest number of acres planted since 2015. North Dakota had the largest acreage increase and acres also increased significantly in South Dakota.

Acreage of all sunflowers increased in North Dakota by 241,000 to 735,000 and in South Dakota by 83,000 to 605,000. In Minnesota, all sunflower acreage increased by 17,000 to 74,000.

Total U.S. sugarbeet acreage increased this year to 1.8 million, a 2% increase over last year. North Dakota farmers planted 243,000 acres of sugarbeets,17,000 more than last year, and Minnesota farmers planted 455,000 acres, a 28,000 increase from last year.

In its quarterly grain stocks report, which also was released on June 30, USDA estimated that corn stocks on June 1, 2022, totaled 4.3 billion bushels, 6% more than on June 1,2021, and soybean stocks totaled 971 million bushels, 26% more than the previous June 1.

All wheat stocks, which totaled 660 million bushels, were 22% lower on June 1,2022, than a year ago on that date. Durum stocks, which were pegged at 21.2 million bushels also were 22% lower than on June 1, 2021, USDA said

Ann is a journalism veteran with nearly 40 years of reporting and editing experiences on a variety of topics including agriculture and business. Story ideas or questions can be sent to Ann by email at: abailey@agweek.com or phone at: 218-779-8093.
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