The U.S. Department of Agriculture weekly survey indicates soil moisture and crop conditions remained unchanged or have declined in the past week as drought persists.
Here are state-by-state summaries from USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service offices in area states:
Topsoil moisture was rated 42% very short, 39% short, 19% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil was nearly the same.
Spring wheat coloring reached 98% — ten days ahead of last year and the five-year average. Harvest was 32% complete, with 12% good to excellent — actually an increase from the previous week’s 9%.
Corn was 96% silking, a week ahead of the five-year average. Corn condition declined to 36% good to excellent, down from 42% the previous week..
Soybeans were 68% setting pods, up from 52% the previous week and three days ahead of the60% average for the date. Soybean condition declined to 43% rated good to excellent, down from 43% the previous week.
Other crop ratings in good to excellent condition: barley, 15%; corn, 36%; dry beans, 20%; oats, 24%; pasture and range, 6%; potatoes, 66%; sugar beets, 68%; sunflowers, 32%; spring wheat, 12%.
Minnesota chicken producers reported some death loss due to heat.
Topsoil moisture is 45% very short, 46% short, 9% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil is even worse, with 50% very short, 36% short, 14% adequate and 0% surplus. Moisture conditions have gradually declined weekly.
Spring wheat was 6% harvested, according to the report, compared to 4% average for the date. About 42% was mature. Condition was rated 27% very poor, 31% poor, 30% fair, 11% good, 1% excellent. About 84% had turned color, compared to the 77% five-year average for the date.
Durum wheat was rated 19% very poor, 25% poor, 19% fair, 32% good and 5% excellent. About 20% was mature. Winter wheat was 32% harvested, with only 10% labeled good to excellent condition.
Corn is rated 13% very poor, 31% poor, 38% fair, 18% good and 0% excellent.
Other crop ratings in the good to excellent categories: canola, 24%; sugar beets 64%; oats, 12%; edible beans, 22%; sunflower, 25%; flaxseed; dry edible beans, 11%.
Alfalfa conditions were 39 very poor, 33% poor, 24% fair, 4% good and 0% excellent. About 45% had its second cutting.
Pasture and range conditions were 47% very poor, 32% poor, 18% fair, 3% good and 0% excellent. Stock water is only adequate in 11% of the state.
Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 42% very short, 42% short, 16% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil was largely the same.
Pasture and range is rated 37% very poor, 47% poor, 14% fair, 2% good and 0% excellent.
Corn condition was only 32% good to excellent, with silking at 83%, which is near the 80% five-year average. About 23% was in dough stage, about equal to the five-year average.
Soybean condition is 30% good to excellent, with 84% bloomed and 47% setting pods, which is slightly behind the 42% average for the date.
Winter wheat was 91% harvested, compared to 76% average for the date.
Spring wheat was rated 34% very poor, 39% poor, 20% fair, 7% good and0% 4% excellent. Spring harvest was 53%, well ahead of the 31% last year and the 37% average for the date.
Oats were 15% good to excellent, with 71% harvested. Sorghum was 12% good to excellent, with 2% coloring.
With 100% of the state under drought conditions, 80% is in severe to exceptional drought. Reporters indicated grasshopper infestations and abnormal winds, with livestock being sold due to a lack of feed and water.
Topsoil moisture is 3% adequate to surplus, compared to 62% at this date the previous year.
Updates for other crops, compared to five-year averages for the date:
Spring wheat was 19% harvested, 4% average; alfalfa hay, 29% second cutting harvested; barley, 13% harvested, 7% is average; canola, 9% harvested, no average available; dry beans (including chickpeas), 95% blooming, no average available; dry edible peas, 61% harvested, 31% average; flaxseed, 1% harvested, no average; lentils, 30% harvested, 20% average; mustard, 5% harvested, no average; oats, 15% harvested; safflower, 35% turning color, 20% average.