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Blooms begin to show on a soybean plant. Matt Gade / Forum News Service

Small signs of improvement but crop progress still lags

Here and there, in certain states and crops, the 2019 Upper Midwest crop is showing signs of improvement. But the overall crop remains far less advanced than usual, and that could lead to trouble this fall.

The weekly crop progress report, released Monday, July 8, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service, an arm of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. It reflects conditions as of July 7.

Among the signs of improvement: 62% of South Dakota's corn crop was in good or excellent condition, up from 58% a week earlier, and 60% of Minnesota corn was rated good or excellent, up from 58% a week earlier. In North Dakota, 69% of soybeans now are rated good or excellent, up from 67% a week earlier.

But crop development overall remain far behind where it ideally would be. For example, 0% of South Dakota has silkedas of July 7, compared with the five-year average of 7% for that date.

Here's a closer look at conditions for spring wheat, corn and soybeans, the region's three major crops.

Spring wheat

Montana: 36% of spring wheat was headed as of July 7, compared with the five-year average for that date of 59%; 70 % of spring wheat was rated good or excellent, the rest fair to very poor.

Minnesota: 75% of spring wheat was headed as of July 7, compared with the five-year average for that date of 81%; 83% of spring wheat was in good or excellent shape, the rest fair to very poor.

North Dakota: 55% of spring wheat was headed as of July 7, compared with the five-year average for that date of 71%; 82% of the crop was rated good or excellent, the rest fair to very poor.

South Dakota: 61% of spring wheat was headed as of July 7, compared with the five-year average for that date of 90%; 71% of the crop was rated good or excellent, the rest fair to very poor.

Corn

Minnesota: 25% had silked as of July 7, compared with the five-year average of 55% for that date. Sixty% of the crop was rated good or excellent, the rest fair to very poor.

North Dakota: 0% had silked as of July 7, compared with the five-year average of 11% for that date; 79% of the crop was rated good or excellent, the rest fair to very poor.

South Dakota: 0%had silked as of July 7, compared with the five-year average of 6% for that date; 62% was rated good or excellent, the rest fair to very poor.

Soybeans

North Dakota: 6% had formed blooms as of July 7, compared with the five-year average of 29% for that date; 69% of the crop was rated good or excellent, the rest fair to very poor.

South Dakota: 3% had formed bloom sas of July 7, compared with the five-year average of 31% for that date; 52% of the crop was rated good or excellent, the rest fair to very poor

Minnesota: 3% had formed blooms as of July 7, compared with the five-year average of 28% for that date; 61% of the crop was rated good or excellent, the rest fair to very poor

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