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Corn was standing about four inches tall west of Milnor, N.D. (Mikkel Pates/Agweek)

More planting progress: Catching up to five-year averages

May is over. The Upper Midwest planting season is not — but the end is coming closer.

Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota and South Dakota farmers overall made substantial planting progress in the week ending June 3, according to the new weekly crop progress report issued June 4 by the National Agricultural Statistics Service, an arm of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Though generally beneficial rains slowed planting in some areas, producers continued to get more wheat, corn, soybeans and sunflowers into the ground.

Progress in South Dakota, where planting had been delayed earlier by wet, cold weather, was especially notable. Planting progress for wheat, corn and soybeans, the region's three major crops, have now caught up to, or exceeded, their five-year averages in the state.

Major planting gains also were made in oats and barley across the region, according to NASS.

Here's a closer look at state-by-state planting progress, as well as subsoil and topsoil moisture conditions.

Spring wheat

Montana — Ninety-seven percent was planted on June 3, compared with the five-year average of 96 percent for that date.

North Dakota — Ninety-seven percent was planted on June 3, compared with the five-year average of 90 percent for that date.

South Dakota — Ninety-nine percent was planted on June 3, the same as the five-year average.

Minnesota — Ninety-seven percent was in the ground on June 3, compared with the five-year average of 96 percent.

Corn

North Dakota — Ninety-five percent was planted on June 3, compared with the five-year average of 92 percent for that date.

South Dakota — Ninety-seven percent was in the ground on June 3, the same as the five-year average for that date.

Minnesota — Ninety-eight was planted on June 3, compared with the five-average average of 96 percent for that date.

Soybeans

South Dakota — Eighty-seven percent was planted on June 3, compared with the five-year average of 80 percent for that date.

Minnesota — Ninety-three percent was planted on June 3, compared with the five-year average of 84 percent.

North Dakota — Eighty-eight percent was in the ground on June 3, compared with the five-year average of 78 percent.

Sunflowers

North Dakota — Sixty-seven percent was planted on June 3, compared with the five-year average of 56 percent.

South Dakota — Thirty-six percent was planted on June 3, compared with the five-year average of 30 percent.

Subsoil moisture

North Dakota — Two percent surplus, 55 percent adequate, 32 percent short and 11 percent very short.

South Dakota — One percent surplus, 68 percent adequate, 27 percent short and 4 percent very short.

Minnesota — Ten percent surplus, 81 percent adequate, 8 percent short and 1 percent very short.

Montana — Eight percent surplus, 69 percent adequate, 19 percent short and 4 percent very short.

Topsoil moisture

South Dakota — Two percent surplus, 71 percent adequate, 23 percent short and 4 percent very short.

Minnesota — Ten percent surplus, 80 percent adequate, 9 percent short and 1 percent very short.

Montana — Seventeen percent surplus, 68 percent surplus, 12 percent short and 3 percent very short.

North Dakota — Six percent surplus, 63 percent adequate, 25 percent short and 6 percent very short.

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