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Erin Brown / Grand Vale Creative

Moisture welcome but slows harvest

Wet weather has paused harvest in most of Agweek country, but moisture was welcome in drought areas and where dry conditions were making root crop harvest difficult.

Here are summaries the National Agricultural Statistics Service weekly crop weather and condition reports as of Oct. 2:

North Dakota

Most harvest activities were slowed or halted due to cool, wet conditions. There were about 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Subsoil moisture is now 68 percent adequate to surplus, while subsoil moisture is 58 percent adequate to surplus.

Corn condition is 6 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 51 percent good and 7 percent excellent. About 47 percent is mature, well behind last year's 74 percent and the five-year average of 67 percent. Only 2 percent has been harvested, compared to 11 percent average.

Soybeans are rated 53 percent good to excellent, with 18 percent harvested, compared to last year's 41 percent and a 43 percent average for this date.

Winter wheat is 32 percent emerged, behind the 38 percent last year.

Sunflowers are rated 6 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 40 percent good and 2 percent excellent.

Other harvests compared to five-year averages: dry beans, 71 percent harvested, 73 percent average; flaxseed, 93 percent harvested, 86 percent average; potatoes 57 percent harvested, 55 percent average.

Sugar beets are rated 92 percent good to excellent, with 23 percent harvested, compared to 25 percent average.

Pasture and range conditions are rated 22 percent very poor, 27 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 13 percent good and 1 percent excellent.

Minnesota

Soybean harvest is now 10 days behind the five-year average, with only 3.6 days suitable for field work in the prior week. Topsoil moisture was 94 percent adequate to surplus and subsoil moisture was 89 percent adequate to surplus, with more rain coming in the following week.

Corn was 77 percent harvested for silage, compared to 86 percent for the five-year average. Grain corn is 55 percent mature, compared to 73 percent average. Corn condition is 81 percent rated good to excellent.

Soybeans are 13 percent harvested compared to a 40 percent five-year average. The soy crop is rated 71 percent good to excellent.

Sugar beets are 17 percent harvested compared to a 24 percent average for this date, with 89 percent rated good to excellent.

Sunflowers declined slightly to 83 percent good to excellent.

South Dakota

With an inch or more over eastern parts of the state, soybean and corn harvests were slowed. Topsoil moisture is now rated 63 percent adequate to surplus, while subsoil moisture is adequate or better in 50 percent of the state.

Corn is rated only 45 percent good to excellent, with 52 percent mature compared to the 75 percent average for the date. Only 3 percent of the corn has been harvested for grain, behind the 19 percent five-year average.

Soybean conditions are 49 percent good to excellent, with 10 percent harvested, compared to a 37 percent average for the date.

Winter wheat is 65 percent planted, about equal to average. About 21 percent had emerged, ahead of the 18 percent average.

Sorghum condition is only 17 percent good to excellent. Sunflowers have bracts turning yellow on 74 percent, compared to 81 percent average. The alfalfa third cutting is 75 percent complete, behind 83 percent last year.

Pasture and range is rated 31 percent very poor, 25 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 18 percent good and none excellent. Stock water is 51 per adequate to surplus.

Montana

Temperature highs still ranged into the lower 80s in parts of the state, with lows from the high teens to 40 degrees. Topsoil is rated 43 percent adequate to surplus compared to a 60 percent average for this date. Subsoil is 20 percent adequate to surplus, compared to a 54 percent average.

Winter wheat is 53 percent planted, compared to 70 percent average, with 2 percent emerged compared to a 20 percent five-year average.

Here is how harvest progress compares to five-year averages for various crops: camelina, 80 percent, 93 percent average; corn, 86 percent harvested, 75 percent average; mustard, 95 percent harvested, average unavailable; potatoes 35 percent, 39 percent average.

Here is how crop conditions ratings compare to five-year averages: corn, 35 percent, 60 percent average; pasture and range, 14 percent good to excellent, 31 percent average; potatoes, 91 percent good to excellent, averages unavailable; sugar beets, 39 percent, average 70 percent.

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