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Published January 20, 2012, 12:00 AM

Kovels Antiques: Technique covered bronze with paint

What is “cold-painted bronze”? The term is used online to describe colorful bronze or spelter figures, but almost no one explains what it means.

By: By Terry Kovel, INFORUM

What is “cold-painted bronze”? The term is used online to describe colorful bronze or spelter figures, but almost no one explains what it means.

One online forum offers dozens of answers, all wrong, because the bloggers are contemporary artists familiar with a modern process called “cold patina.” The artist covers the metal with chemicals like cupric chloride and ammonium chloride to create a bluish green patina. The finish will wear off unless you cover it with a fixative and then maybe wax.

Cold-painting was a technique popular during the Art Deco period, which started in the 1920s. Bronze figures, most of them made in Vienna, were actually covered with enamel paint. The result is a very colorful figure or lamp. Small Viennese animals and other figures, often under 2 inches tall, were especially popular and sell today for $100 to $200.

Art Deco figurines of women, often dancing, were made of bronze or spelter (white metal) for the main part, ivory for the hands and faces. Again, the metal part was colored with a special paint. Another group of cold-painted bronzes were scenes depicting Arabs in tents or on camels. Many had a small light bulb inside and were used as night-lights or lamps. The best known of these figures were made by “Namgreb,” the mark used by Franz Bergman (1861-1936), who reversed his name to make it sound more exotic. Signed pieces sell for hundreds of dollars today. If you have a cold-painted bronze or spelter figure, be careful. The paint chips easily. Do not use metal polish or any chemical cleaner on them. Just dust or wipe with a damp cloth.

Q: I was given an original invitation to the inauguration of President John Fitzgerald Kennedy and Vice President Lyndon Baines Johnson dated Jan. 20, 1961. I would like to know if it’s worth anything and who might want it.

A: The inauguration of President Kennedy and Vice President Johnson was held on the East Portico of the U.S. Capitol. Since 1981, most inaugurations have been held on the West Front of the Capitol. The 1961 inauguration included several “firsts,” including the first Catholic president-elect, the first time both parents of the president-elect attended their son’s inauguration and the first time a poet (Robert Frost) participated in the ceremony. It was also the first time the parade was televised in color and the first time Army flame-throwers were used to clear snow from the path of the parade. Kennedy was the last president to wear a stovepipe hat to his inauguration. Some invitations include the words “Please present the enclosed card of admission,” but many more were issued to the public as souvenirs. Invitations to the 1961 inauguration have sold for $60 to $150 or more. Those with the original mailer are worth more than those without it.

Q: We have a 10-piece walnut dining room set made by the Phoenix Furniture Co. of Grand Rapids, Mich. The heavy Victorian-style set includes a table with three leaves and six chairs, buffet, server and china closet. Each piece has either machine carvings or applied decorations. Is the set antique?

A: The Phoenix Furniture Co. was founded in Grand Rapids in 1872. The company was acquired by Robert Irwin in 1911. He merged Phoenix with another furniture company in 1919 to form the Robert W. Irwin Co. But the Phoenix Furniture Co. name continued to be used on its original lines until at least 1926. A set made before 1912 is “antique.” Pieces in various revival styles were manufactured by Phoenix or Irwin from about 1890 until the late 1910s.


If your old ivory-beaded necklace is becoming yellow, do not clean it. Yellowing is just a sign of age.

Current prices

Current prices are recorded from antiques shows, flea markets, sales and auctions throughout the United States. Prices vary in different locations because of local economic conditions.

- Sheet music, “Hail! Hail! The Gang’s All Here,” by Theodore Morse & Arthur Sullivan, 1917 copyright, 10 by 13 inches, $12.

- Carnival glass tumblers, pink, Tiger Lily pattern, Imperial Glass Co., 4¼ by 2¾ inches, pair, $40.

- Board game, “The Game of Captain Kangaroo,” wooden figures, Milton Bradley, 1956, $40.

- Toy wood-burning stove, Star brand, 1900s, 3¾ by 4¼ by 5 inches, $45.

For more information about antiques and collectibles and free price information, visit Kovel’s Web site,

Kovel answers as many questions as possible through the column. By sending a letter with a question, you give full permission for use in the column or any Kovel forum. We cannot guarantee the return of any photograph, but if a stamped envelope is included, we will try. The volume of mail makes personal answers or appraisals impossible. Write to Kovel, The Forum of Fargo-Moorhead, King Features Syndicate, 300 W. 57th St., New York, NY 10019.