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Published April 08, 2010, 12:00 AM

Simple steps to avoid garden frustration

Deer attracted to certain plants
I’ll never be mistaken for a master gardener, and it really doesn’t bother me.

By: Doug Leier, The Dickinson Press

I’ll never be mistaken for a master gardener, and it really doesn’t bother me.

Beyond borrowing the neighbor’s tiller and breaking up the ground each spring, I lose interest in the garden even before the first spuds are planted.

So it comes as no surprise that when a stray rabbit is clipping the greens, I wonder more about whether my son’s trapping will produce another grilled cottontail dinner than if we’ll have any lettuce or peas left. But I also fully understand the pride many gardeners take in their summer produce, as time is measured in weeks and months rather than hours.

While gardeners toil in the soil in anticipation of garden-fresh fare, from the first radish to the last tomato and everything in between, I hear grumblings of the damage caused by deer and other wild garden thieves.

There are ways to minimize these problems. I won’t say cure, or end, however, as dealing with wildlife involves few guarantees.

In early spring as you plan your garden, take several factors into account.

First, if your goal is to protect your garden at all costs, an 8-foot-high, completely enclosed, mesh or chicken wire fence is the best deterrent.

A less costly alternative is dividing your garden into smaller subplots with four-strand smooth-wire fence.

Deer can easily jump over such a barrier, but they’re less likely to take the leap if they’ll wind up in a small enclosure.

The list of homemade or commercial deer repellants is long and includes things like rotten eggs, human hair, soap-on-a-rope, blood meal and many others.

Some even suggest planting desirable vegetables such as squash, beans and peas in with food deer dislike.

Keep in mind, deer have plenty of time to investigate your garden, and these methods are seldom completely effective.

Deer don’t just nibble on garden fodder. They eat young trees, flowers and fruit as well. One way to deter deer from eating things around your yard, besides putting up barriers, is to plant varieties that deer do not find desirable.

It’s much easier and more efficient to plan as your garden is established and before the first greens emerge, instead of after the deer and other animals set their sights on the fruits of your labor.

The following plant lists are divided into categories based on studies of deer preference to aide in reducing depredation on your trees, bushes and garden.

But don’t forget, I’m not saying anything other than an exclusionary fence will be strongly effective.

Leier is a biologist with the Game and Fish Department. Read his blog daily at www.areavoices.com/dougleier.

Perennials

Deer generally prefer to eat:

Crocus

Daylily

Hawkweed

Hosta

Hyacinth

Iris

Lily

Meadow rue

Phlox

Rose

Sedum

Strawberry

Tulip

Deer generally dislike:

Achillea (Yarrow)

Ajuga

Allium

Anemone

Bittersweet

Bleeding heart

Buttercup

Clematis

Columbine

Cinquefoil

Coneflower

Coral bell

Coreopsis

Cransbill

Daffodil

Daisy

Ferns

Feverfew

Flax

Forget-me-not

Gayfeather

Goatsbeard

Goldenrod

Joe-Pye weed

Lamb’s ear

Lavender

Lily-of-the-valley

Lupine

Monkshood

Pachysandra

Penstemon

Pennyroyal

Peony

Poppy

Primrose

Ribbongrass

Rosemary

Sage

Snow-on-the-Mountain

Speedwell

Tansy

Thistle

Toadflax

Yucca

ANNUALS AND BIENNIALS

Deer generally prefer to eat:

Hollyhock

Impatiens

Pansy

Sunflower

Violet

Deer generally dislike:

Alyssum

Begonia

Dahlia

Dusty miller

Flax

Forget-me-not

Four-o’clock

Foxglove

Geranium

Heliotrope

Lobelia

Marigold

Mint

Morning glory

Mullein

Parsley

Periwinkle

Polygonum

Primula

Salvia

Snapdragon

Verbena

Zinnia

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