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Published November 25, 2013, 10:49 AM

Indemnity for corn

Revenue Protection crop insurance policies could pay.

BROOKINGS, S.D. — the fall corn price for Revenue Protection insurance policies came in much lower than the spring price established in March 2013, says Darrell R. Mark, adjunct professor of economics for South Dakota State University.

“The spring price guarantee for RP insurance was $5.65 per bushel and the average price during October for December 2013 corn futures was $4.39 per bushel — which is $1.26 per bushel less than the spring price,” Mark says. “The fall price is used to determine the fall guarantee for RP insurance policies and to calculate actual revenue.”

With the RP insurance policy, the final guarantee is the higher of the spring or fall guarantee. Therefore, Mark explains that for corn in 2013, the final guarantee is the spring guarantee. Indemnities are paid when actual revenue falls below the final guarantee.

Actual revenue is calculated by multiplying the fall price by the actual yield harvested in 2013.

Mark says that even at average yields, it may be possible for corn growers to receive an indemnity in 2013 because of the large drop from the spring price to the fall price.

“While harvest is ongoing and actual yields aren’t all known yet, anecdotal yield reports would suggest average to above average yields in much of eastern South Dakota, but still within the range that some fields could trigger an indemnity under RP insurance policies,” he says. “(U.S. Department of Agriculture’s) November crop production report estimates the state’s average corn yield at 145 bushels per acre.”

Mark adds that the likelihood of an indemnity payout is higher for higher insurance coverage levels and lower actual yields. He also says that whether optional, basic or enterprise insurance units were elected for the insurance coverage could affect whether an indemnity is received for an individual field that is lower yielding.

Will there be an RP insurance indemnity for soybeans too?

Mark says only if actual yields fall below insured yield levels (actual production history times the coverage level).

“That’s because the fall price of $12.87 per bushel was exactly the same as the spring price. Thus, the fall guarantee and spring guarantee are identical,” he says.

Producers who think they could receive a crop insurance indemnity for 2013 corn and soybeans should keep careful yield production records for each field during harvest and then discuss a possible claim with their crop