Vilsack: Rural America has much to gainBut it must tell its story better
By: Dan Moser, IANR News Service
INCOLN, Neb. — Rural America is poised to reap the benefits of coming economic and societal changes, but agriculture needs to do a better job of telling its story to urban dwellers, according to U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack.
Vilsack was the closing speaker at the University of Nebraska’s Rural Futures Conference, an appearance jointly sponsored with the Heuermann Lectures in the university’s Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources.
A new farm bill would be helpful too, Vilsack says.
Vilsack recites a litany of agriculture’s strengths — record exports and expanding domestic markets, increased profits, renewed conservation efforts and continued development of second and third-generation renewable fuel sources. Humanity’s greatest looming challenge — increasing food production by 70 percent to feed a growing world population –— will be solved largely in rural America, he adds.
Rural America is key in keeping the nation secure: It produces enough food to feed its people and, though it comprises just 16 percent of the population, it provides 40 percent of those who enlist in the military, Vilsack says.
But, there are challenges, too. Per capita income in rural America lags behind that in urban areas. Eighty-five percent of the nation’s poorest counties are rural. Agriculture has a huge stake in immigration reform since it relies so heavily on seasonal workers from Mexico. Populations in rural areas are dropping as a lack of new jobs is driving young people away.
Also, many agricultural programs are in limbo because a new farm bill still awaits congressional approval. While most of the media coverage has focused on the bill’s farm subsidy and food stamp programs, Vilsack says the legislation includes much more, including research funding for land-grant universities.
Echoing a theme that resonated throughout the three-day Rural Futures Conference, Vilsack says rural America is essential to the nation’s future, but its advocates must make that case forcefully to people who give little thought to how food gets to their tables.
“Now is the time for us to re-emphasize, re-educate and remind America of the importance of rural America,” Vilsack says. “We have to market agricultural research in a way that people understand what’s in it for them.”
People “don’t quite get what’s going on on the farm because we don’t talk to them, so they get some pretty crazy ideas,” Vilsack says.
Although production agriculture remains the backbone of rural regions, they have much to offer, including most of the nation’s recreational spots, he adds.
The “biobased economy” will exist largely in rural America, where new industries are sprouting up to transform virtually every part of agricultural waste into something new. Vilsack says about 3,100 companies already are involved in this industry, with more to come; virtually all will locate in rural America, creating jobs there, because it’s too costly to transport waste products very far.
“Despite the challenges, despite the difficulties, despite the disagreements, there’s never been a better time to be a young person in rural America,” he says. Young people have a chance to lead America into this new era.
“It’s going to be up to you to do this.”