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Published September 03, 2013, 10:13 AM

Columbian farm protests reach Bogota

Thousands of Colombian farmers marched through the streets of Bogota on Aug. 29, converging on the capital after 11 days of increasingly violent protests around the country against agricultural and trade policies they say have left them impoverished.

By: Helen Murphy and Peter Murphy, Reuters

BOGOTA — Thousands of Colombian farmers marched through the streets of Bogota on Aug. 29, converging on the capital after 11 days of increasingly violent protests around the country against agricultural and trade policies they say have left them impoverished.

President Juan Manuel Santos, who has been unable to end the so-called national strike that has united potato growers and milk producers with teachers and health workers, acknowledges agriculture is in crisis but calls for peaceful dissent while talks about possible solutions are going on.

“The farm sector has been abandoned,” the center-right president said in a televised address early on Aug. 29. “The protests are valid ... but via dialogue we will resolve the problems ... We are in a storm but we will persevere.”

The labor disputes, in which farmers have blocked roads to snarl transportation into cities, pile pressure on Santos just three months before he must decide whether to run for a second term. At the same time, the government’s tough peace negotiations with Marxist FARC rebels are creating their own contentious national debate.

Santos says he will lift import duties on 23 products including some fertilizers and pesticides to help lower crop production costs and is working to find more permanent solutions for the farm sector’s problems.

Clashes between police and protesters over removal of the barricades resulted in at least one death and scores of injuries and arrests.

Looting was reported in several towns and blocked roads have prevented food from getting to market, raising prices for consumers. Defense Minister Juan Carlos Pinzon has accused the FARC rebels of infiltrating the protests and seeking to rope peaceful farmers into their struggle against the government.

“Please, let’s not fall into the hands of the violent,” Santos says. “Do not allow them to gain strength from these protests because it will distort the entire meaning of the demonstration and it leads to unnecessary confrontations that have led to deaths.”

Second wave

The already grueling life of farming families has become even harder in recent years since income from harvests has failed to cover costs of fertilizers and transportation.

Potato, corn and milk producers complain that free trade agreements with Europe and the United States have made it almost impossible to compete with cheaper imports. Droughts followed by unusually heavy rains have also made farming conditions difficult in the past several years.

The demonstrations, which began on Aug. 19, are the second wave of national strikes this year against agricultural and economic policies that farmers say leave them unable to make any profit.

Even though Santos has made improving the conditions of the poor and cutting the jobless rate a priority, difficulties for farmers are unlikely to change in the coming months.

Finance Minister Mauricio Cardenas says it would be impossible to meet all demands from the different protest groups.

“The country is on the right track and the economy is an example worldwide,” he says. “But if you add up everything they want, there’s no way to give them it all. They are seeking significant resources. There isn’t enough money to cover the demands of all the sectors.”

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