More than 1 path to cattle profitA consistent plan is important.
By: Steve Suther,
Crossbreeding may fit most producers, but it is not the only logical path, says a leading cattle feeder and an animal scientist.
Tom Brink, president of J&F Oklahoma Holdings, says feeding 1.6 million cattle per year at Five Rivers Feedlots has led him to conclude: “Planned crossbreeding is not the problem. Planned straight breeding is not the problem. Breeding cattle without any consistent plan is the problem.”
He made that comment at the 45th Annual Beef Improvement Federation meeting held recently in Oklahoma City, where a series of presentations and a panel discussion examined the rationale for breeding systems.
Nevil Speer, University of Western Kentucky animal scientist, began by clarifying that he does not advocate one system over another. Speer’s 2011 paper, “Crossbreeding: Considerations and Alternatives in an Evolving Market,” granted every advantage to crossbreeding before exploring why the practice is losing ground in the commercial beef industry.
A proliferation of Angus branded beef programs, and especially market premiums paid for the original Certified Angus Beef brand, has added value to Angus cattle at every segment, Speer notes. But consumer satisfaction is the driving force, and no breed or system of breeding should be evaluated without respect to the core quality of beef and its impact on demand.
He says the 21st century beef industry is more consumer-driven, compelled by a competitive protein market. Efficient but demand-responsive cattle ranches will likely face “increasing delineation” around premiums and discounts. Crossbreeding can be valuable to producers and the industry, Speer reiterated, “but opting out of such an approach isn’t necessarily flawed.”
Brink agrees and uses a baseball metaphor where right-handed batters represent those using planned crossbreeding with the lefties using straightbred Angus.
“We should not coach each and every producer to bat right-handed by telling them that crossbreeding is the only solution,” he says. “Each producer lines up on the side of the plate where they feel most comfortable and go hit the ball.”
He shares data on the top 10 to 15 percent of cattle Five Rivers has fed, noting better feedlot performance worth $154 per head above average, with grid premiums adding $65 for a net $219 per head advantage.
“This illustrates what is possible and that we can pay much higher prices for feeder cattle and calves that are known to create such exceptional value,” Brink says.
If the crossbred advantage proven in older data still holds true, it can be represented as one extra 600-pound calf per cow, or six such calves compared with five for a straightbred cow, he suggests, laying out the math. Additional carrying costs of $600 for another year would make a net $300 profit for the crossbred, given calves at $1.50 per pound.
A “high-end Angus straight-breeding program” can match those results, Brink says. “Stacking top growth and carcass genetics can result in cattle that are worth more than $200 per head above average. Multiplied by five calves rather than six shows a $1,000 advantage.
“If cow-calf producers can capture just 30 percent of this value, they have matched the crossbreeding example,” he says, allowing some would argue the numbers. “That is fine ... the key takeaway, however, is that these two approaches to breeding beef cattle are financially closer than many people think.”
Yes, structured crossbreeding would fit most U.S. producers, Brink says. “Straightbreeding is appropriate for others who are serious about creating high-performance, high-value calves that will top the market. This appears to be the reason why a significant number of producers forego known advantages of crossbreeding to pursue a different path they find equally rewarding.”
Editor’s note: Suther is the director of Industry Information for Certified Angus Beef LLC. Reach him at firstname.lastname@example.org or 330-465-0820.