Fire kills 119 at poultry plant in ChinaFocuses scrutiny on China-US pork company transaction
By: Christopher Bodeen, Associated Press
BEIJING — A fire at a poultry plant in northeast China trapped workers inside a cluttered slaughterhouse, killing at least 119 in one of China’s worst industrial disasters in years, despite recent work safety improvements.
Several dozen other people were hurt in the June 3 blaze in Jilin province’s Mishazi township, which appeared to have been sparked by three early morning explosions, the official Xinhua News Agency says. The provincial fire department attributed the blasts to an ammonia leak. The chemical is kept pressurized as part of the cooling system in meat processing plants.
The fire was one of China’s worst recent industrial disasters, with the death toll the highest since a September 2008 mining cave-in that claimed 281 lives.
It was the third major industrial blaze to be reported in China in less than a week. The two earlier fires were an oil tank explosion in Liaoning province that caused another oil tank to catch fire, killing two, and a blaze in a large granary in Heilongjiang province that wiped out 1,000 tons of grain.
Many of China’s factories have sprung up in recent decades to drive the country’s rapid economic growth, but accidents and chemical spills are common, often blamed on lax enforcement of safety rules and poor worker training.
The government has tightened checks on factories and mines to improve compliance with safety requirements, and deaths from workplace accidents fell nearly 5 percent last year from the previous year, according to Yang Dongliang, head of the State Administration of Work Safety.
Even in China’s notoriously deadly coal mines, the death toll last year fell by more than 30 percent because of stricter management.
Taking a back seat
The accident could also focus renewed scrutiny on China’s biggest pork producer, Shuanghui International — unrelated to the poultry plant — as it aims to buy U.S. food giant Smithfield in what would be China’s biggest takeover of an American company.
Jason Yan, technical director in Beijing of the U.S. Grains Council, says safety considerations usually take a backseat in China to features designed to maximize production and energy efficiency.
“I’m sure they consider some aspects of safety design. However, I think safety, to me, is not the first priority in their design plan,” Yan says.
State media quoted survivors as saying it was difficult for workers to escape because only one door to the plant was open, while other exits were locked and the fire spread quickly.
State broadcaster CCTV quoted unidentified workers as saying the fire broke out during a change of shifts when about 350 workers were at the plant, owned by Jilin Baoyuanfeng Poultry Co.
It wasn’t clear how many workers had been accounted for and a provincial government media official, who refused to give his name, says he expects the death toll to rise as more bodies were recovered from the charred building.
Some employees raised the alarm shortly after the shift began at 6 a.m., and then the lights went out, causing panic as workers rushed to find an exit, employee Wang Fengya says.
“When I finally ran out and looked back at the plant, I saw high flames,” says Fengya, 44. She and three other workers were sent to a hospital in the nearby provincial capital of Changchun.
Another worker quoted by Xinhua, 39-year-old Guo Yan, says the emergency exit at her workstation could not be opened and she was knocked to the ground in the crush of workers seeking to escape through a side door.
“I could only crawl desperately forward,” Yan was quoted as saying. “I worked alongside an old lady and a young girl, but I don’t know if they survived or not.”
The poultry plant is one of several in the area where chickens are slaughtered and then quickly cut up into pieces and shipped to market. The entire process takes place in near-freezing conditions and such plants are usually built with large amounts of flammable foam insulation to maintain a constant temperature.
Jilin Baoyuanfeng produces 67,000 tons of processed chicken per year and employs about 1,200 people. The plant is located outside the city of Dehui, about 500 miles northeast of China’s capital, Beijing.
Established in 2009, the company serves markets in 20 cities nationwide and has won numerous awards for its contribution to the local economy, according to introductions posted online.
The area where the fire occurred is an agribusiness center, especially for poultry. Nearby is one of the biggest producers of broiler chickens in China, Jilin Deda Co., which is partly owned by Thailand-based conglomerate Charoen Pokphand Group.
The June 3 fire hit a company that is much smaller than Jilin Deda. Though it’s unlikely to have an impact on China’s chicken supply, the accident came as chicken producers were seeing sales recover after an outbreak of a deadly new strain of bird flu, H7N9, briefly scared the public in April and early May.