Conservation key in farm billMinnesotans are proud of the natural wealth within the state. Minnesota has beautiful lakes and forests, and the conservation practices on the state’s working lands contribute not only to its agricultural productivity, but also the wildlife and fishing that improve the quality of life.
By: Kristin Weeks Duncanson, Agweek
MAPLETON, Minn. — Minnesotans are proud of the natural wealth within the state. Minnesota has beautiful lakes and forests, and the conservation practices on the state’s working lands contribute not only to its agricultural productivity, but also the wildlife and fishing that improve the quality of life.
But pressure on land resources in Minnesota is likely to intensify. The global population is projected to increase from approximately 7 billion today to 9 billion by 2050. The need to increase food production to meet expected future global demand means it is more important than ever to reaffirm our commitment to conservation.
As Sen. Debbie Stabenow, D-Mich., the chair of Senate Agriculture Committee, noted, “Farming is measured in generations. Farms are passed down from children to grandchildren. But a farm can only be successful if it has quality soil and clean water.
“With a growing global population, it is even more important than ever that we conserve water and conserve soil resources. Advances in technology and farm practices have helped our farmers be more productive than ever before, but no amount of technology can overcome degraded soils, poor water quality or a lack of water.”
The conservation programs in the farm bill have worked. They help farmers and other landowners improve stewardship, even as they have increased productivity.
But they aren’t a free ride. The programs require participants, including farmers, to contribute a share of the cost of implementing conservation practices on their land.
So, these programs help encourage additional private investments in conservation, which is particularly important in a time of limited federal, state and local funding for conservation.
Conservation programs face significant cuts as Congress works to enact a new farm bill this year. The Senate has passed its version of the 2012 farm bill now. This bill would cut a total of $23 billion from farm programs in the next decade, with $6.4 billion of that coming from conservation programs.
The cuts to conservation programs are painful and will be felt on the ground, where demand from producers for conservation assistance already exceeds available funding. But leaders of the Senate Agriculture Committee worked in a bipartisan way to minimize the effect of the cuts by consolidating and streamlining programs and making other changes to increase how effective these programs are in helping producers deliver conservation benefits to their operations and to the public.
We all agree that it is important to reduce the federal budget deficit. The Senate version of the 2012 farm bill contributes significantly to deficit reduction, and conservation programs have given their fair share.
It is critical that as the House takes up its version of the legislation, lawmakers hold the line and reject deeper cuts to conservation programs that may be proposed along the way.
In the past few decades, conservation programs have been successful in helping farmers, ranchers and private forest landowners improve long-term productivity, conserve water and improve water quality and wildlife habitat.
We must maintain our investment in America’s working lands as we work toward the challenge of feeding 9 billion people. Minnesotans know that this is an investment that has paid off for everyone.
Editor’s Note: Duncanson farms near Mapleton, Minn.