Tobacco has biofuel potentialRICHMOND, Va. — Some researchers say an age-old cash crop long the focus of public health debate could be used to help solve the nation’s energy crisis, by genetically modifying the tobacco leaf for use as a biofuel.
By: Michael Felberbaum, Associated Press
RICHMOND, Va. — Some researchers say an age-old cash crop long the focus of public health debate could be used to help solve the nation’s energy crisis, by genetically modifying the tobacco leaf for use as a biofuel.
The golden leaf is the latest in a series of possible biofuels like switchgrass and algae that are being floated as Congress and President Obama stress the importance of securing alternative energy sources.
Scientists think using tobacco would be beneficial because it would not affect a major U.S. food source, unlike other biofuels made from corn, soybeans and other crops.
But there’s no worry here about secondhand smoke for commuters stuck in traffic: the tobacco wouldn’t be burned to power vehicles, merely used to extract its oils and sugars.
Tobacco is an attractive “energy plant” because it can generate a large amount of oil and sugar more efficiently than other crops, says Vyacheslav Andrianov, a researcher at the Biotechnology Foundation Laboratories at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia.
Andrianov recently co-wrote a paper on how researchers have found a way to genetically engineer tobacco to boost the oil in the plant’s leaves. Researchers found that modifying the plant produced as much as 20 times more oil, according to the report published online in December and featured in a special biofuels edition of the Plant Biotechnology Journal.
“Certainly tobacco could work; any plant is a potential source of biofuel,” says Matt Hartwig, a spokesman for the Renewable Fuels Association. “I know tobacco farms have been hit hard in recent years and this may be an opportunity for some of those tobacco farmers.”
Commercial use for tobacco as a biofuel may be more than five years away, but tobacco farmers look forward to the possibilities, says Andrianov, an assistant professor of cancer biology at the university’s Jefferson Medical College.
“There are other crops that can be used and the idea of tobacco is that it’s not a food crop,” Andrianov says.
Incentive to switch back?
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, tobacco production has dropped about 1.5 percent worldwide over the past 10 years. Production has decreased by nearly 39 percent in the U.S. during that same period in part because of the federal buyout program that provided an incentive for tobacco farmers to switch to other crops.
The decrease is largely because of the slump in cigarette demand, which has been hurt by tax hikes, health concerns, smoking bans and social stigma. Industry estimates show that the number of cigarettes sold in the U.S. declined about 8 percent in 2009 compared with a year earlier.
But some farmers say they’d have to look at the economics and processes used to grow tobacco for biofuel to see whether it is viable.
“We tend to get excited when we hear about tobacco getting used for something else, but so far, it’s just been on a very limited, niche-type basis,” says Roger Quarles, president of the International Tobacco Growers Association.